We are surrounded by noise and bids for our attention everywhere. We are constantly interrupted and being pulled from what we know we should be focuses on. This happens in the classroom also. Engagement requires focus. Focus means amping up the signals of what students should be focusing on, and dampening everything else.
Clarity is perhaps the most important classroom management strategy we have to enage our students. It is free to all and simple to do. What might creating more clairty in your clasroom do for you?